Researching gender in education in Madagascar
Gender equality in education remains a significant research question in Madagascar. The implementation of Madagascar’s National Action Plan for girls’ education (PANEF) from the early 90s led to an increase in the number of girls in primary schools and ultimately to the reduction in the gap in the school enrollment rate between boys and girls. In secondary education, gender parity in education was achieved in 2001.
According to the Ministry of National Education, over the last ten years Madagascar has not had large statistical disparities between boys and girls in terms of school access and retention both at the primary and post-primary levels. For instance, 1 out of 2 pupils in primary school between 2008 and 2009 was female and 58% of teachers in primary school were women.
However, it remains necessary to carry out further investigation on the role of education in achieving gender equality.